Lucio Fontana

1899 - 1968, Italian/Argentine

Lucio Fontana born in Rosario, Argentina February 19, 1899 was an Italio-Argentine painter, sculptor and theorist of Argentine mostly known as the founder of Spatialism and his ties to Arte Povera.
Lucio Fontana attends the Istituto Tecnico Carlo Cattaneo in Milan as of 1914. He studies sculpting at the Accademia di Brera in Milan in 1920. In 1924, Fontana opened his own studio in Rosario di Santa Fé as of 1924. In 1928 he goes to Milan again and studies at the Accademia di Brera.
In 1947, he founds the "Movimento spaziale" and writes the "Primo Manifesto dello Spazialismo", demanding a new form of space-oriented art. Two years later he realizes the projects "Ambiente nero" and the first "Ambiente spaziale" in the Galleria del Naviglione: objects painted with fluorescent colors in a darkened room are illuminated by an ultraviolet light. Fontana composes the second manifesto of the Spazialismo the same year, followed by the third in 1950 and the fourth in 1951.
Fontana executes the first perforated canvasses in 1949; they all carry the title "Concetto spaziale" (Space Concept).
Lucio Fontana is considered on of the most important and most influential Italian artists, he dies in Comabbio near Varese on July 7, 1968.

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